Improving Education (The Japanese way)
By Prof. Dr. Muhammad Nasim
Everyone has the right to education and higher education shall be equally accessible to all on the basis of merit (Universal declaration of Human rights, 1948). We all do agree that compulsory school education up to Grade X will improve social fabric of the society and ensuring relevant technology based quality higher education will improve our economy and bring prosperity to the nation. Both the jobs are challenging and we must focus to achieve some encouraging results. As far as school education is concerned Japanese put greater emphasis on it. Their Ministry of Education was established in 1871, initially for elementary schools, middle schools and universities. Surprisingly, in 1901, 83.8%boys & 81.3% of girls (7-12 years) were attending schools and Japanese claim that this generation modernized Japan. Today they are sending frontline researchers and businesspeople to schools to spark children's intellectual curiosity because experts tell the bottom line, you may learn the theory but practical give you pleasure. Make kids International rather than they know only about Japanese culture and society. Teachers are motivating kids to regain strength and work properly by going to bed early, getting up early and eating a good breakfast. According to Japanese, “Who says, it takes years for the results of education to appear, today you make good classrooms and tomorrow you get the results.” Elementary Education in Japan puts weight-age on interpersonal relations amongst the kids. Interpersonal relations are getting weaker in other countries leading to social problems. Elementary Education nurtures disciplined individuals with lot of sensitivity and creativity, who respect their family, their community, their country, and the life itself. Education Rebuilding Council headed by Prime Minister is to guarantee every child the opportunity to acquire a high level of academic attainment and discipline. Education Rebuilding Council provides high quality education, improves academic abilities, develops sense of discipline, sound sentiment and enhances the role of families and communities. In Pakistan only 60% of children complete l0 years of school and only 10% complete 12 years. World Bank Survey Report of 2006 says Pakistan is spending less than 2% of GDP on education whereas other countries of South Asia spending 3.6% of their GDP. Only 3% could reach higher education. The big chunk of our kids are passing through Government Schools where the situation is not satisfactory due to multitude of reasons either there was no building or no teacher.. Head of each Government School must focus on teachers training, teachers performance in the classroom, parent-teacher meeting to create an interactive society and ?nally the provision of teaching kits (TLM's) will create better environment for teacher as well as student. Today Japanese society is putting focus on Student-Centered and Inquiry- Based (SCIB) learning in science education.
Note: This message was written for NEEC's quarterly newsletter (Oct-Dec-2010) by Prof. Dr. Muhammad Nasim.